Analysis Factors Related with Succesful in Exclusive Breasfeeding During Pandemic



Baharika Suci Dwi Aningsih (STIK Sint Carolus)
Dewi Novitasari Suhaid (STIK Sint Carolus)


Exclusive breasfeeding is one of the Sustainable Development Goals programs that aim to provide good nutrition for babies naturally. Given the far-reaching benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for babies, mothers and the economy, concerted efforts are needed to meet the World Health Assembly (WHA) target of at least 50% exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months by 2025. The exclusive breastfeeding coverage rate is still far from the expectations removed. This is to be expected as only 1 in 2 babies under 6 months are exclusively breastfed. This shows that almost 50% of Indonesia's child population does not receive the nutrition they need in the first two years of life. The WHO reports that more than 40% of infants were introduced to complementary foods before the age of 6 months and were given food that did not meet their nutritional needs. The aim of this study is to analyze factors related with successful in exclusive breastfeeding during a pandemic. This research is an observational, analytic, cross-sectional study. The sample in this study were mothers whom have toddlers aged 6-18 months from January 2020 to July 2021. The number of samples is 138 people. Data analysis will use the Chi Square test, fisher, and logistic regression. The results showed that the spacing pregnancy (p value = 0.010), Covid-19 infection during delivery or breastfeeding (p value = 0.017), and knowledge (p value = 0.013) had a significant relationship with exclusive breastfeeding. The dominant factor influencing exclusive breastfeeding is knowledge. The probability of logistic regression is seen with a value of 0.99


Breasfeeding, pandemic, covid-19

Full Text:



Agustin, C. A., Februhartanty, J., & Bardosono, S. (2021). Exclusive Breasfeeding Practice and Sources of Support DUring COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Indonesia Journal of Human Nutrition, 8(2), 195-208. doi:

CDC. (2021, July 27, 2021). Breastfeeding Benefits Both Baby and Mom. Retrieved from

Gayatri, M. (2021). Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Indonesia: A Population-Based Study. Korean J Fam Med, 42(5). doi:10.4082/kjfm.20.0131

Hanifah, A. S. A., S & Susanti, I. (2017). Gambaran karakteristik ibu menyusui tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif di desa Cikeruh kecamatan Jatinangor kabupaten Sumedang tahun 2015. Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan, 3(1).

Indonesia. (2012). PP No 3 Tahun 2012 tentang Pemberian Air Susu Ibu Ekslusif. Jakarta: Republik Indonesia

Istisya, A. S., SImanjuntak, B. Y., & Marleni, W. A. (2022). Analysis of Factors related to Exclusive Breastfeeding During The Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Kesehatan Prima, 16(2), 132-142. doi:10.32.807/jkp.v16i2.831

Kemenkes. (2016). Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat. Jakarta Retrieved from

Kemenkes. (2018). Manfaat ASI Ekslusif untuk Ibu dan Bayi. Jakarta Retrieved from

Kemenkes. (2019). Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta

Latorre, G., Martinelli, D., Guida, P., Masi, E., Benedictis, R. D., & Maggio, L. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown on Exclusive Breastfeeding in Non-Infected Mothers. Int Breastfeed J, 16(36). doi:

Mamangkey, S. R., S. Masi, G. (2018). Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Pemberian ASI Ekslusif pada Bayi di Puskesmas Ranotana Weru. Jurnal Keperawatan, 6(1).

Mizrak Sahin, O., N. Ozdamar, K. Gursoy, E. (2019). Factors Affecting Breastfeeding Motivation Scale Based on Self-Determination Theory. Health Care For Women International, 40(6), 637-652.

Mustika, D. N., S. Ulvie, YNS. (2020). Buku Ajar Asuhan Kebidanan Nifas ASI Ekslusif. Semarang: Universitas Muhammadiyah.

Nuampa, S., Ratinthorn, A., Patil, C. L., Kuesakul, K., Prasong, S., & Sudphet, M. (2022). Impact of Personal and Environmental Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in The First Six Months During The COVID-19 pandemic in Thailand: a mixed-methods approach. Int Breastfeed J, 17(73). doi:

Sulastri. (2020). Buku Ajar Asuhan Kebidanan Nifas dan Menyusui. Malang: Literasi Nusantara Abadi.

WHO. (2020). Pekan Menyusui Dunia. Retrieved from

Yusnita, E. F., F. (2019). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Motivasi Pemberian Asi Eksklusif Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas 23 Ilir Kecamatan Bukit Kecil Kota Palembang Tahun 2019. Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang.

Article Metrics

This article has been read : 108 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 59 times

Copyright & License

Copyright (c) 2023 Baharika Suci Dwi Aningsih, Dewi Novitasari Suhaid

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by:
Undergraduate Program of Midwifery
Faculty of Medicine - Universitas Andalas - Indonesia
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.