Belief Model (Hbm) of Via on Childbearing Women in Lubuk Buaya Primary Health Centre in 2017



Harridhil Silmi (Universitas Andalas)
Andi Friadi (Universitas Andalas)
Lisma Evareny (Universitas Andalas)


Cervical Cancer is the cancer with the second highest rate in Indonesian women and Awareness of childbearing women to Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) is still low so often cause death in women. This study aims to determine the Health Beliefs Model (HBM) of VIA on childbearing women in Lubuk Buaya primary health centre 2017.

This study was an analytic observational study with cross sectional design, conducted from August - Sept 2017 took 98 respondents as the sample. Data were collected by using questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by using univariate and bivariate.

The results showed that there was a significant relationship between education (p=0,001), perceived susceptibility (p=0,000), perceived seriousness (p=0,000), health motivation (p=0,000),  perceived benefits (p=0,000), and perceived barriers (p=0,000), with action cervical cancer early detection with VIA methods.

There is a relationship between education, perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness, health motivation perceived benefits, and perceived barriers to early detection of cervical cancer action with VIA methods on childbearing women in Padang Pasir primary health centre 2017. Suggested to Lubuk Buaya primary health centre to increase further dissemination and health promotion of cervical cancer early detection with VIA method through counseling about the importance of early detection with VIA method.

Full Text:



Abdullahi, A, Copping, J, Kessel, A, Luck, A & Bonell, C ‘Cervical screening: Perceptions and barriers to uptake among Somali women in Camden’, Public Health, vol. 123, no. 10. 2009. pp. 680-685.

Ackerson, K ‘Personal Influences That Affect Motivation in Pap Smear Testing Among African American Women’, Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, vol. 39, no. 2. 2010. pp. 136-146.

American Cancer Society 2014, Cervical Cancer. Viewed 11 Mei 2017 .

Baskaran, P, Subramanian, P, Rahman, RA, Ping, WL, Taib, NAM, & Rosli, R ‘Perceived Susceptibility, and Cervical Cancer Screening Benefits and Barriers in Malaysian Women Visiting Outpatient

Clinics’ Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, vol. 14, no. 12. 2013. pp. 7693-7699.

Cetisli, NE, Top, ED & Işık, G ‘Cervical Cancer and Pap Smear Test Health Beliefs and HealthPromoting Lifestyle of Women in Turkey’, International Journal of Caring Sciences, vol. 9, no. 2. 2016. pp. 630-639.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Pencegahan Kanker Leher Rahim dan Kanker Payudara, Jakarta. 2009.

. Glosarium Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, Pusat Data dan Informasi, Jakarta

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Padang Profil Kesehatan Kota Padang Tahun 2015, Padang. 2016.

Guvenc, G, Akyuz, A & Ikel, AC ‘Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and Pap Smear Test: psychometric testing’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol. 67, no. 2. 2011. pp. 428–437.

Herman Kesadaran untuk deteksi dini kanker serviks masih rendah, viewed 4 Desember 2016,,

Hidayat, AA Pengantar Ilmu Keperawatan Anak 1, Jakarta. Salemba Medika. 2008.

Hoque ME, Ghuman, S, Coopoosmay, R & Hal, GV ‘Cervical Cancer Screening among University Students inSouth Africa: A Theory Based Study’, Plos ONE, vol. 9, no. 11. 2014.

Hoque, ME, Ibekwe, CM & Ntuli-Ngcobo, B ‘Screening and Perceived Severity of Cervical Cancer among Women Attending Mahalapye District Hospital, Botswana’, Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, Vol. 10. 2009. pp. 1095-1100.

Ibekwe, CM, Hoque, ME & Ntuli-Ngcobo, B ‘Perceived Benefits of Cervical Cancer Screening among Women Attending Mahalapye District Hospital, Botswana’, Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 11, no. 4. 2010. pp. 1021-1027.

International Agency for Research on Cancer Globocan 2012 : Cancer Fact Sheet, IARC. 2013.

Janz, NK, Champion,VL & Strecher, VJ ‘Health behavior and health education : theory, research and practice’, San Fransisco. Jossey-Bass. 2002.

Karabulutlu, O ‘Evaluation of the Pap Smear Test Status of Turkish Women and Related Factors’, Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev, vol. 14, no. 2. 2013. pp. 981-986.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Situasi Penyakit Kanker, Jakarta. Pusat Data dan Informasi. 2015.

Pedoman Teknis Pengendalian Kanker Payudara dan Kanker Leher Rahim, Jakarta. 2013a.

Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar, Jakarta. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Dasar, 2013b,

Ma, GX, Gao, W, Fang, CY, Tan, Y, Feng, Z, Ge, S & Nguyen, JA ‘Health Beliefs Associated with Cervical Cancer Screening Among Vietnamese Americans’, Journal of Women’s Health, vol. 22, no. 3. 2013. pp. 276-288.

Masturoh, E ‘Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) dalam Melakukan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks Metode Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat (IVA)’, Semarang. Universitas Negeri Semarang. 2016.

McGee, P Cervical Cancer’, Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, vol. 12, no. 2. 2015. ‘pp. 77-80.

Mutyaba, T, Mmiro, AM & Weiderpass, E ‘Knowledge, attitudes and practices on cervical cancer screening among the medical workers of Mulago Hospital, Uganda’, BMC Medical Education, vol. 6, no. 13. 2006.

Natphopsuk, S, Settheetham-Ishida, W, Sinawat, S, Pientong, C, Yuenyao, P & Ishida, T ‘Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer in Northeastern Thailand: Detailed Analyses of Sexual and Smoking Behavior’, Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev, vol. 13, no. 11. 2012. pp. 5489-5495.

Oktaviana, MN 2015, ‘Hubungan antara Persepsi Kerentanan Individu,

Keseriusan Penyakit, Manfaat dan Hambatan dengan Penggunaan Skrining Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat pada Wanita Usia Subur’, UNS, Surakarta

Parapat, FT ‘Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku WUS dalam Deteksi Dini Kanker Leher Rahim Metode IVA di Wilayah Puskesmas Candiroto Kabupaten Temanggung’. 2016.

Rismawari, E ‘Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Minat Keikutsertaan WUS dalam Metode IVA’. 2014.

Rossenstock, I, ‘The Health Beliefs Model and Preventive Health Behaviour’, Health Education Monogr, pp. 354-386.

Saslow, D, Runowicz, CD, Solomon, D, Moscicki, AB, Smith, RA, Eyre, HJ & Cohen, C ‘American cancer society guideline for the early detection of cervical neoplasia and cancer’, A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 52, no. 6. 2002. pp. 342-362.

Sauvageau, C, Duval, B, Gilca, V, Lavoie, F & Ouakki, M ‘Human papilloma virus vaccine and cervical cancer screening acceptability among adults in Quebec, Canada’, BMC Public Health,vol. 7, no.304. 2007

Susanti, A ‘Faktor–Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Rendahnya Kunjungan Inspeksi Visual Asam Asetat (IVA) di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Halmahera Kecamatan Semarang Timur Tahun 2010’. 2011.

Taylor, VM, Schwartz, SM, Jackson, JC, Alan, K, Meredith, F, Yutaka, Y, Tu, SP & Thompson, B ‘Cervical cancer screening among Cambodian-American women’, Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers, vol. 8, no. 6. 1999. Pp. 541-546

Were, E, Nyaberi, Z & Buziba, N ‘Perceptions of risk and barriers to cervical cancer screening at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), Eldoret, Kenya’, African Health Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1. 2011. pp. 58-64.

Winkler, J., A. Bingham, P. Coffey dan W.P. Handwerker. Women’s participation in a cervical cancer screening program in northern Peru. Health Education Research 23 (1). 2008. 10-24

World Health Organization Cervical screening in developing countries: Report of a WHO consultation, WHO, Geneva. 2002

Progress in Reproductive Health Research, Geneva. WHO. 2004.

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: a Guide to Essential Practice, Edisi Pertama, Geneva. WHO. 2006.

Prevention of cervical cancer through screening using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and treatment with cryotherapy. A demonstration project in six African countries: Malawi, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia, Geneva. WHO. 2012.

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: a Guide to Essential Practice, Edisi kedua, Geneva. WHO. 2014.

Fact sheet Cancer, viewed 19 November 2017 . 2016.

Inequalities in Women’s and Girls’ Health Opportunities and Outcomes: A Report from Sub-Saharan Africa, viewed 11 februari 2017, . 2017.

Yulizawati ‘Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku WUS dalam Deteksi Dini Kanker Leher Rahim Metode IVA di Wilayah Puskesmas Prembun Kabupaten Kebumen Tahun 2012’, Jakarta. Universitas Indonesia. 2012.

Zitkute, V & Bumbuliene, Z ‘Risk Factors Affecting HPV Infection, Persistence and Lesion Progression in Women and Men’, Clinical Research in Infectious Diseases, vol. 3. No. 2. 2016. pp. 1026.

Article Metrics

This article has been read : 283 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 252 times

Copyright & License

Copyright (c) 2018 Harridhil Silmi, Andi Friadi, Lisma Evareny

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by:
Undergraduate Program of Midwifery
Faculty of Medicine - Universitas Andalas - Indonesia
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.