The Relationship Between The Level of Maternal Knowledge, Maternal Employment Status and Family Support With Exclusive Breastfeeding in The Working Area of The Air Dingin Health Center of Padang City in 2018



DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jom.3.2.161-175.2018


Author(s)

Dian Hidayah Putri (Universitas Andalas)
Masrul Masrul (Universitas Andalas)
Lisma Evareny (Universitas Andalas)

Abstract


In order to reduce infant morbidity and mortality, UNICEF
and WHO recommend exclusive breastfeeding for six months
because ASI has many health benefits for babies and contains
all the nutrients needed by baby. The lowest coverage of
exclusive breastfeeding in Padang City is in the working area
of Puskesmas Air Dingin. The purpose of this study was to
determine the relationship between the level of maternal
knowledge, maternal employment status and family support
with exclusive breastfeeding in the working area of the Air
Dingin Health Center.
Analytic research withdesign was cross sectionalconducted
in the working area of Air Dingin Health Center from June
2018 to July 2018. The sample in this study were mothers who
had infants aged> 6-12 months as many as 56 people. Mothers
as respondents were interviewed directly using a questionnaire.
Data analysis was univariate and bivariate usinganalysis chisquare
(p
5 0.05).

The results showed that the percentage of exclusive
breastfeeding was 51.8%. Theanalysis results chi-square
showed that the p value between exclusive breastfeeding and
the level of maternal knowledge (p = 0.010), maternal
employment status (p = 1,000), and family support (p = 0.021).
There was a significant relationship between the level of
mother's knowledge and family support with exclusive
breastfeeding, while the mother's employment status did not
have a significant relationship with exclusive breastfeeding. It
is hoped that mothers can maintain and improve exclusive
breastfeeding.


Keywords


Exclusive breastfeeding, mother's knowledge level, maternal employment status, and family support

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Undergraduate Program of Midwifery
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Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas

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