Description of Parenting Patterns on Stunting and Normal Children in the Specific Area Stunting of Pasaman and West Pasaman District, West Sumatra



Masrul Masrul (Universitas Andalas)


Stunting is the effect of a systemic condition of chronic malnutrition which affects about a quarter of children under five years of age worldwide. There are 7.6 million (37%) Indonesian children suffering from stunting and the rate of stunting in West Sumatra is above the national figure of 46.1%. That number shows that many children need more attention, because they don't grow well. The nutrition intervention program that has been running so far has not been able to optimally improve the condition of stunting children. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of parenting stunting and the difference with normal children in the specific area of stunting Pasaman and Pasaman Barat District. This study was conducted through several stages, which is data collection using a questionnaire. From this study shown that breastfeeding and complementary feeding are almost no different from groups stunting with normal children; good parenting, health and psychosocial stimulation are still lacking; the socioeconomic level of stunting children is lower than normal children. It is hoped that in the future prevention of intrautrin can be carried out by maintaining quality intake and health status; keep the intake in a balanced nutritional status, especially aspects of animal protein; and maintaining environmental sanitation and optimal parenting from the family.


Stunting, specific area of stunting, parenting, intake

Full Text:



Black R.E., Victora C.G., Walker S.P. Maternal and child undernutrition and overweight in low-income and middle-income countries. Lancet. 2013;382:427–451.

Bhutta, Z.A., Das, J.K., Rizvi, A., et al., 2013. Evidence-based interventions for improvement of maternal and child nutrition: what can be done and at what cost? Lancet 382, 452–477.

de Onis M., Onyango A., Borghi E. Worldwide implementation of the WHO Child Growth Standards. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15:1603–1610.

Engle P.L,Menon P., Haddad L. 1995. Care and Nutrition: Concepts and Measurement International Food Policy Reseacrh.

Henmughan HB, Mc Gregor SG. 2003. Refondasi Pertumbuhan Usia. Gizi Kesehatan Masyarakat EGC. Hal 206 – 307.

Henmughan HB, Mc Gregor GG. 2005. Pemberian ASI dan Pengasuh Terhadap Tumbuh Kembang Anak Dalam: Gizi Kesehatan Masyarakat. EGC. Hal: 300 – 310.

Jellife D.B. 1989. Community Nutrional Assessment. Oxford University Press. New York.

Jonssan U. 1983. Nutrition and The United Nations Convention and The Rights of The Child Occasional Papers. Child Right Series No.5.

Kemenkes. 2007. Riset Kesehatan Dasar

Kemenkes. 2010. Riset Kesehatan Dasar

Masrul 2005. Kajian Peranan Sumber Daya Pengasuhan Terhadap Tumbuh Kembang Bayi Usia 6 – 12 bulan Pada Keluarga Etnik Minangkabau di Pedesaan Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Disertasi: Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Airlangga.

Murray C.J. Shifting to sustainable development goals–implications for global health. N. Engl. J. Med. 2015;373:1390–1393.

Semba R.D. Nutrition and development: a historical perspective. In: Semba R.D., Bloem M.W., editors. Nutrition and Health in Developing Countries. second ed. Humana Press; Totowa, NJ: 2008. pp. 1–31.

Soetjimipsil, Ranuh. 1998. Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Anak Dalam; Tumbuh Kembang Anak. Hal: 127 – 140.

UNICEF/World Health Organization/World Bank Group . United Nations Children's Fund, World Health Organization, and World Bank Group. 2015. Levels and Trends in Child Malnutrition: Key Findings of the 2015 Edition.([ brochure2015.pdf?ua=1]

Article Metrics

This article has been read : 166 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 168 times

Copyright & License

Copyright (c) 2019 Masrul Masrul

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by:
Undergraduate Program of Midwifery
Faculty of Medicine - Universitas Andalas - Indonesia
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.